Name: A new generation system architecture for Intelligence Systems taking advantage of Moore's Law

Text: A NEW GENERATION SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE
FOR INTELLIGENCE SYSTEMS, TAKING ADVANTAGE OF
MOORE’S LAW

André Scholtz

Content
• A changing world…
• Current solutions, measured against
decision criteria
• The ideal solution, and the new
architecture
• Summary and conclusion

A changing world
• Terrorism threat:
– Flexible, transnational network structure
– Enabled by modern technology
– Interconnectivity between groups

A changing world …
• Communication
– Any place, any time, through various means
– 70% of communications by 2009 through wireless
and broadband (Gartner)
– Dual mode Wifi/mobile phones; dual mode
satellite/mobile phones
– Skype, VoIP and encryption
– Instant messaging
– UMTS, UMB, OFDM

• Tomorrow shall be different, yet again!

A changing world…
• Moore!s law – double every 18 – 24 months
• Storage





1956: 5 MByte disk storage at USD10!000 (IBM)
Q1 2007: 1 TByte on 5 platter HDD (Hitachi)
Less than USD1 per GByte
21 TB (raw) in 4U 19” (soon 31.5 TB) available

• Processing power





1997: 500 nm technology
2007: 45 nm technology (Intel)
Nanotechnology 30 nm
Quad Core 1.8 GHz CPU, 2 x 4 MB cache
commercially available

Changes around us
• "Everything that can be invented has been invented."
"""—"Charles H. Duell, Commissioner, U.S. Office of
Patents, 1899.
• "This 'telephone' has too many shortcomings to be
seriously considered as a means of communication."
"""—"Western Union internal memo, 1876
• "I see no progress in this industry. These clocks are
no faster than the ones they made a hundred years
ago." """—" Henry Ford, while visiting a museum.
• "There is no reason anyone would want a computer
in their home." """—"Ken Olson, president/founder of
Digital Equipment Corp., 1977

Current solutions
• Most often dedicated hardware





Recorders and dedicated DSP cards
Switch matrices
DCME!s (in case of satellite interception)
Fax and data demodulation units

• Often stated as latest technology (but only
latest chips in an old architecture)
• Result
– Strongly vendor dependant
– Difficult/expensive to support
– Difficult to adapt/expand
=> Not suitable for tomorrow…

Investment/decision criteria
• Intelligence
– Will the system provide us with unique
intelligence required cost-effectively?

• Investment protection
– Will our investment be protected in a world
of changing technological, threat and
communications environments – can it
adapt?

• Support
– Will we be able to support the system in
the long run cost effectively?

Conclusion
• Did not know yesterday what we know today
• In 10 year!s time things will be vastly different
again
• Existing solutions are not suitable
• New architecture must:
– Address investment criteria
• Unique intelligence value
• Adaptable to changing threat and communication
environments
• Supportable

– Use benefits of Moore!s law to be relevant for the
next 10-15 years

The ideal solution
Changing communications environment
(Satellite, landline, mobile; circuit and packet switched;
different protocols)

Suitable active/passive gateways
(E1/T1, E3/DS3, STM-1/-4, IP)

Off-the-shelf Processing and Storage
(Networked architecture; distributed implementation;
content capturing - records and stores everything;
content enrichment – speech analysis, etc)

Integration API
Industry leading applications
(Intelligence mining, extraction)

Zebra Architecture
128 E1 connections

Administrator
Zebra Capture Unit

Zebra Data Centre

Fax
Demod
Servers
Modem Demod
Servers
Temp File
Storage

Channel
Processor
Server
NAS Head
Server

Utility
Server
Database
Server

User
Workstations

Database
Storage
(CDR)

LAN

Compression
Server
Application +API
Server

Firewall

Zebra Architecture
Zebra Gateway

Remote Capture Unit 1

Switching
Centres

Master Data Centre

Fax
Demod
Server
Modem Demod
Server
Temp File
Storage

Channel
Processor
Server

Utility
Server

NAS Head
Server

Utility
Server
Database
Server

Database
Storage
(CDR )

File
Storage

NAS Head
Servers

Database
Server

Compression
Server
Application +API
Server

Firewall

Remote Capture Unit 2

Database
Storage
(CDR )

Archiving
Server

Zebra Gateway

Application +API
Server
Firewall

Fax
Demod
Server
Modem Demod
Server
Temp File
Storage

Channel
Processor
Server
NAS Head
Server

Utility
Server
Database
Server

Database
Storage
(CDR )

Compression
Server

Satellite
Systems

Application +API
Server

Firewall

Administrator

User Workstations

New Generation

24 U
12,000 Ch

Key Characteristics
• Record all and filter – no switch used
– Store everything, filter for known targets, search the past
content for new targets

• Equally suited for TDM and IP networks
• Software-centric with Gateway and COTS hardware
• Extremely high density and high capacity
– 512 stereo E1s (1024 E1 inputs) per 42 U 19” rack
– 300,000 bi-directional channels

• Scalable and distributable
• 3rd generation architecture with future growth path
– Flexible to address changing threat and telecommunications
environments

• Designed for integration with other leaders
– API and open database

• CIC mapping

Record all and filter

Traffic

Old approach

Switch

Capture
and store
No content,
lost intelligence

CRR
Analysis

New targets

New approach

Traffic

Capture all

Intermediate
Storage

CRR
Analysis

New targets

Filter

Long term
Storage

A new approach
D
I
G
I
T
A
1 L
Modem (8+1)

LD-CELP
DCME (3+1)

Compressed E1!s

D
I
S
T
1
R
Compressed E1!s
I
B
8
U
T
I
1 O
Compressed E1!s N
8

Modem (8+1)

Modem (8+1)

8

B
O
A
R
D

E1
Digital
Cross
Connect
equipment

LD-CELP
DCME (3+1)

I
N
T
E
R
F
A
C
E

E1
MATRIX

Replace the hardware

E1 (Duplex)
Interception,
Storage &
Analysis
System

Zebra Architecture
128 E1 connections

Administrator
Zebra Capture Unit

Zebra Data Centre

Fax
Demod
Servers
Modem Demod
Servers
Temp File
Storage

Channel
Processor
Server
NAS Head
Server

Utility
Server
Database
Server

User
Workstations

Database
Storage
(CDR)

LAN

Compression
Server
Application +API
Server

Firewall

Acquisition criteria
Record ALL
and filter
Analysis after
the fact
Density
and scalable

Flexibility
Intelligence
value

Protection
of investment

Proven
Linux and
Windows

IP and
TDM networks
Open API and
analytical tools
Modern thirdgeneration
architecture
Software-centric

Supportability
COTS hardware

What have we shown you today?
• New technology and architecture that
should be good for the next 10-15 years
• Ultra-high capacity capturing and
storage system
• Software centric and small footprint
• Easy integration with post processing
applications

Questions?





http://www.littletechshoppe.com/ns1625/winchest.html
http://www.research.ibm.com/journal/sj/422/grochowski.html
until 2002....
National Strategy for Combating Terrorism

Document Path: ["18-200702-iss-dxb-vastech.pdf"]

e-Highlighter

Click to send permalink to address bar, or right-click to copy permalink.

Un-highlight all Un-highlight selectionu Highlight selectionh